US - Iraq War
Pros and Cons
Video exploring critical thinking and how it leads to great citizen involvement


On Oct. 10 and 11, 2002, the US House of Representatives and the US Senate, respectively, voted on HJRes 114, the "Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002" (58 KB) . This legislation, authorizing President George W. Bush to "use the Armed Forces of the United States as he determines to be necessary and appropriate" against Iraq, was passed by 70% of the House and Senate.

  1. Congressional Vote Totals
  1. US Senate Vote Count
  1. US House of Representatives Vote Count
  1. Related Links

I. Congressional Vote Totals

Political Party
Ayes
Nays
Not Voting/
Vacant Seat

Totals
US House of Representatives -
Democratic
81
126
4
211
Republican 215
6
2
223
Independent 0
1
0
1
House Totals (% of Totals)
296 (68%)
133 (31%)
6 (1%)
435
US Senate -
Democratic
29
21
0
50
Republican 48
1
0
49
Independent 0
1
0
1
Senate Totals (% of Totals) 77 (77%)
23 (23%)
0
100
Congressional Totals (% of Totals) 373 (70%)
156 (29%)
6 (1%)
535

II. US House of Representatives Vote Count (Vote date: Oct. 10, 2002)

Ayes (296)
Nays (133)
Ackerman (D-NY)
Aderholt (R-AL)
Akin
(R-MO)
Andrews (D-NJ)
Armey
(R-TX)
Bachus (R-AL)
Baker (R-LA)
Ballenger (R-NC)
Barcia (D-MI)
Barr (R-GA)
Bartlett (R-MD)
Barton (R-TX)
Bass (R-NH)
Bentsen (D-TX)
Bereuter (R-NE)
Berkley (D-NV)
Berman (D-CA)
Berry (D-AR)
Biggert (R-IL)
Bilirakis (R-FL)
Bishop (D-GA)
Blagojevich (D-IL)
Blunt (R-MO)
Boehlert (R-NY)
Boehner (R-OH)
Bonilla (R-TX)
Bono (R-CA)
Boozman (R-AR)
Borski (D-PA)
Boswell (D-IA)
Boucher (D-VA)
Boyd (D-FL)
Brady (R-TX)
Brown (R-SC)
Bryant
(R-TN)
Burr (R-NC)
Burton (R-IN)
Buyer (R-IN)
Callahan (R-AL)
Calvert (R-CA)
Camp (R-MI)
Cannon (R-UT)
Cantor (R-VA)
Capito (R-WV)
Carson (D-OK)
Castle
(R-DE)
Chabot (R-OH)
Chambliss (R-GA)
Clement (D-TN)
Coble (R-NC)
Collins (R-GA)
Combest (R-TX)
Cooksey (R-LA)
Cox (R-CA)
Cramer (D-AL)
Crane (R-IL)
Crenshaw (R-FL)
Crowley (D-NY)
Cubin (R-WY)
Culberson (R-TX)
Cunningham (R-CA)
Davis (D-FL)
Davis, Jo Ann
(R-VA)
Davis, Tom (R-VA)
Deal (R-GA)
DeLay (R-TX)
DeMint (R-SC)
Deutsch (D-FL)
Diaz-Balart (R-FL)
Dicks (D-WA)
Dooley (D-CA)
Doolittle (R-CA)
Dreier (R-CA)
Dunn (R-WA)
Edwards (D-TX)
Ehlers (R-MI)
Ehrlich (R-MD)
Emerson (R-MO)
Engel (D-NY)
English (R-PA)
Etheridge (D-NC)
Everett (R-AL)
Ferguson (R-NJ)
Flake (R-AZ)
Fletcher (R-KY)
Foley (R-FL)
Forbes (R-VA)
Ford (D-TN)
Fossella (R-NY)
Frelinghuysen (R-NJ)
Frost (D-TX)
Gallegly (R-CA)
Ganske (R-IA)
Gekas (R-PA)
Gephardt (D-MO)
Gibbons (R-NV)
Gilchrest (R-MD)
Gillmor (R-OH)
Gilman (R-NY)
Goode (R-VA)
Goodlatte (R-VA)
Gordon (D-TN)
Goss (R-FL)
Graham (R-SC)
Granger (R-TX)
Graves (R-MO)
Green (D-TX)
Green (R-WI)
Greenwood
(R-PA)
Grucci (R-NY)
Gutknecht (R-MN)
Hall (R-TX)
Hansen
(R-UT)
Harman (D-CA)
Hart (R-PA)
Hastert (R-IL)
Hastings (R-WA)
Hayes
(R-NC)
Hayworth (R-AZ)
Hefley (R-CO)
Herger (R-CA)
Hill (D-IN)
Hilleary (R-TN)
Hobson (R-OH)
Hoeffel (D-PA)
Hoekstra (R-MI)
Holden (D-PA)
Horn (R-CA)
Hoyer (D-MD)
Hulshof (R-MO)
Hunter (R-CA)
Hyde (R-IL)
Isakson (R-GA)
Israel (D-NY)
Issa (R-CA)
Istook (R-OK)
Jefferson (D-LA)
Jenkins (R-TN)
John (D-LA)
Johnson (R-CT)
Johnson
(R-TX)
Johnson (R-IL)
Jones (R-NC)
Kanjorski
(D-PA)
Keller (R-FL)
Kelly (R-NY)
Kennedy (R-MN)
Kennedy (D-RI)

Kerns (R-IN)
Kind (D-WI)
King (R-NY)
Kingston
(R-GA)
Kirk (R-IL)
Knollenberg (R-MI)
Kolbe (R-AZ)
LaHood (R-IL)
Lampson (D-TX)
Lantos (D-CA)
Latham (R-IA)
LaTourette (R-OH)
Lewis (R-CA)
Lewis (R-KY)
Linder
(R-GA)
LoBiondo (R-NJ)
Lowey (D-NY)
Lucas (D-KY)
Lucas (R-OK)
Luther
(D-MN)
Lynch (D-MA)
Maloney (D-NY)
Manzullo
(R-IL)
Markey (D-MA)
Mascara (D-PA)
Matheson (D-UT)
McCarthy (D-NY)
McCrery
(R-LA)
McHugh (R-NY)
McInnis (R-CO)
McIntyre (D-NC)
McKeon (R-CA)
McNulty (D-NY)
Meehan (D-MA)
Mica (R-FL)
Miller (R-FL)
Miller (R-CA)
Miller (R-FL)
Moore (D-KS)
Moran (R-KS)
Murtha
(D-PA)
Myrick (R-NC)
Nethercutt (R-WA)
Ney (R-OH)
Northup (R-KY)
Norwood (R-GA)
Nussle (R-IA)
Osborne (R-NE)
Ose (R-CA)
Otter (R-ID)
Oxley (R-OH)
Pascrell (D-NJ)
Pence (R-IN)
Peterson (D-MN)
Peterson (R-PA)
Petri
(R-WI)
Phelps (D-IL)
Pickering (R-MS)
Pitts (R-PA)
Platts (R-PA)
Pombo (R-CA)
Pomeroy (D-ND)
Portman (R-OH)
Pryce (R-OH)
Putnam
(R-FL)
Quinn (R-NY)
Radanovich (R-CA)
Ramstad (R-MN)
Regula (R-OH)
Rehberg (R-MT)
Reynolds (R-NY)
Riley (R-AL)
Roemer (D-IN)
Rogers (R-KY)
Rogers (R-MI)
Rohrabacher
(R-CA)
Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL)
Ross (D-AR)
Rothman (D-NJ)
Royce (R-CA)
Ryan (R-WI)
Ryun (R-KS)
Sandlin
(D-TX)
Saxton (R-NJ)
Schaffer (R-CO)
Schiff (D-CA)
Schrock (R-VA)
Sensenbrenner (R-WI)
Sessions (R-TX)
Shadegg (R-AZ)
Shaw (R-FL)
Shays (R-CT)
Sherman (D-CA)
Sherwood (R-PA)
Shimkus (R-IL)
Shows (D-MS)
Shuster (R-PA)
Simmons (R-CT)
Simpson (R-ID)
Skeen (R-NM)
Skelton (D-MO)
Smith (R-NJ)
Smith (R-TX)
Smith (R-MI)
Smith (D-WA)
Souder
(R-IN)
Spratt (D-SC)
Stearns (R-FL)
Stenholm (D-TX)
Sullivan (R-OK)
Sununu (R-NH)
Sweeney (R-NY)
Tancredo (R-CO)
Tanner (D-TN)
Tauscher (D-CA)
Tauzin (R-LA)
Taylor (D-MS)
Taylor (R-NC)
Terry
(R-NE)
Thomas (R-CA)
Thornberry (R-TX)
Thune (R-SD)
Thurman (D-FL)
Tiahrt (R-KS)
Tiberi (R-OH)
Toomey (R-PA)
Turner (D-TX)
Upton (R-MI)
Vitter (R-LA)
Walden (R-OR)
Walsh (R-NY)
Wamp (R-TN)
Watkins (R-OK)
Watts (R-OK)
Waxman
(D-CA)
Weiner (D-NY)
Weldon (R-FL)
Weldon (R-PA)
Weller
(R-IL)
Wexler (D-FL)
Whitfield (R-KY)
Wicker (R-MS)
Wilson (R-SC)
Wilson (R-NM)
Wolf
(R-VA)
Wynn (D-MD)
Young (R-FL)
Young (R-AK)

Abercrombie (D-HI)
Allen (D-ME)
Baca
(D-CA)
Baird (D-WA)
Baldacci (D-ME)
Baldwin (D-WI)
Barrett (D-WI)
Becerra (D-CA)
Blumenauer (D-OR)
Bonior (D-MI)
Brady (D-PA)
Brown (D-FL)
Brown (D-OH)
Capps
(D-CA)
Capuano (D-MA)
Cardin (D-MD)
Carson (D-IN)
Clay
(D-MO)
Clayton (D-NC)
Clyburn (D-SC)
Condit (D-CA)
Conyers (D-MI)
Costello (D-IL)
Coyne (D-PA)
Cummings (D-MD)
Davis (D-IL)
Davis (D-CA)
DeFazio
(D-OR)
DeGette (D-CO)
Delahunt (D-MA)
DeLauro (D-CT)
Dingell (D-MI)
Doggett (D-TX)
Doyle (D-PA)
Duncan (R-TN)
Eshoo (D-CA)
Evans (D-IL)
Farr (D-CA)
Fattah (D-PA)
Filner (D-CA)
Frank (D-MA)
Gonzalez (D-TX)
Gutierrez (D-IL)
Hastings (D-FL)
Hilliard
(D-AL)
Hinchey (D-NY)
Hinojosa (D-TX)
Holt (D-NJ)
Honda (D-CA)
Hooley (D-OR)
Hostettler (R-IN)
Houghton (R-NY)
Inslee (D-WA)
Jackson (D-IL)
Jackson-Lee (D-TX)
Johnson, E.B.
(D-TX)
Jones (D-OH)
Kaptur
(D-OH)
Kildee (D-MI)
Kilpatrick (D-MI)
Kleczka (D-WI)
Kucinich (D-OH)
LaFalce (D-NY)
Langevin (D-RI)
Larsen (D-WA)
Larson (D-CT)
Leach (R-IA)

Lee (D-CA)
Levin (D-MI)
Lewis (D-GA)
Lipinski
(D-IL)
Lofgren (D-CA)
Maloney (D-CT)
Matsui
(D-CA)
McCarthy (D-MO)
McCollum
(D-MN)
McDermott (D-WA)
McGovern (D-MA)
McKinney (D-GA)
Meek (D-FL)
Meeks (D-NY)
Menendez
(D-NJ)
Millender-McDonald (D-CA)
Miller, George (D-CA)
Mollohan (D-WV)
Moran (D-VA)
Morella
(R-MD)
Nadler (D-NY)
Napolitano (D-CA)
Neal (D-MA)
Oberstar (D-MN)
Obey (D-WI)
Olver (D-MA)
Owens (D-NY)
Pallone (D-NJ)
Pastor (D-AZ)
Paul (R-TX)
Payne (D-NJ)
Pelosi (D-CA)
Price (D-NC)
Rahall
(D-WV)
Rangel (D-NY)
Reyes (D-TX)
Rivers (D-MI)
Rodriguez (D-TX)
Roybal-Allard (D-CA)
Rush (D-IL)
Sabo (D-MN)
Sanchez (D-CA)
Sanders (I-VT)
Sawyer (D-OH)
Schakowsky (D-IL)
Scott (D-VA)
Serrano (D-NY)
Slaughter (D-NY)
Snyder (D-AR)
Solis (D-CA)
Stark (D-CA)
Strickland (D-OH)
Stupak (D-MI)
Thompson (D-MS)
Thompson (D-CA)
Tierney
(D-MA)
Towns (D-NY)
Udall (D-CO)
Udall (D-NM)
Velazquez
(D-NY)
Visclosky (D-IN)
Waters (D-CA)
Watson (D-CA)
Watt (D-NC)
Woolsey
(D-CA)
Wu (D-OR)
Not Voting (3)
Ortiz (D-TX) Roukema (R-NJ) Stump (R-AZ)
Vacant Seats (3)
OH-17th district OH-3rd district HI-2nd district

III. US Senate Vote Count
(Vote date: Oct. 11, 2002)

Ayes (77)
Nays (23)
Allard (R-CO)
Allen (R-VA)
Baucus (D-MT)
Bayh (D-IN)
Bennett (R-UT)
Biden (D-DE)
Bond (R-MO)
Breaux (D-LA)
Brownback (R-KS)
Bunning (R-KY)
Burns (R-MT)
Campbell (R-CO)
Cantwell (D-WA)
Carnahan (D-MO)
Carper (D-DE)
Cleland (D-GA)
Clinton (D-NY)
Cochran (R-MS)
Collins (R-ME)
Craig (R-ID)
Crapo (R-ID)
Daschle (D-SD)
DeWine (R-OH)
Dodd (D-CT)
Domenici (R-NM)
Dorgan (D-ND)
Edwards (D-NC)
Ensign (R-NV)
Enzi (R-WY)
Feinstein (D-CA)
Fitzgerald (R-IL)
Frist (R-TN)
Gramm (R-TX)
Grassley (R-IA)
Gregg (R-NH)
Hagel (R-NE)
Harkin (D-IA)
Hatch (R-UT)
Helms (R-NC)

Hollings (D-SC)
Hutchinson (R-AR)
Hutchison (R-TX)
Inhofe (R-OK)
Johnson (D-SD)
Kerry (D-MA)
Kohl (D-WI)
Kyl (R-AZ)
Landrieu (D-LA)
Lieberman (D-CT)
Lincoln (D-AR)
Lott (R-MS)
Lugar (R-IN)
McCain (R-AZ)
McConnell (R-KY)
Miller (D-GA)
Murkowski (R-AK)
Nelson (D-FL)
Nelson (D-NE)
Nickles (R-OK)
Reid (D-NV)
Roberts (R-KS)
Rockefeller (D-WV)
Santorum (R-PA)
Schumer (D-NY)
Sessions (R-AL)
Shelby (R-AL)
Smith (R-NH)
Smith (R-OR)
Snowe (R-ME)
Specter (R-PA)
Stevens (R-AK)
Thomas (R-WY)
Thompson (R-TN)
Thurmond (R-SC)
Torricelli (D-NJ)
Voinovich (R-OH)
Warner (R-VA)

Akaka (D-HI)
Bingaman (D-NM)
Boxer (D-CA)
Byrd (D-WV)
Chafee (R-RI)
Conrad (D-ND)
Corzine (D-NJ)
Dayton (D-MN)
Durbin (D-IL)
Feingold (D-WI)
Graham (D-FL)
Inouye (D-HI)

Jeffords (I-VT)
Kennedy (D-MA)
Leahy (D-VT)
Levin (D-MI)
Mikulski (D-MD)
Murray (D-WA)
Reed (D-RI)
Sarbanes (D-MD)
Stabenow (D-MI)
Wellstone (D-MN)
Wyden (D-OR)


IV. Related Links

  1. Which classified intelligence information products are routinely shared with Congress and which ones are not?

  2. Did Congress have the same intelligence information as the White House prior to the October 2002 congressional vote authorizing the use of force in Iraq?

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