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Opinion Polls/Surveys
Jan. 2003 - Jan. 16, 2009


The following data are geared to offer readers a comprehensive understanding of both American and Iraqi impressions of the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, the subsequent war, and the state of reconstruction efforts in post-war Iraq. The questions in each of the polls were selected from a larger pool of questions. For comparison, the polls contain information from previous surveys conducted by the same polling organizations. Some prior surveys are marked with an asterisk (*) and may have different subject numbers and margins of error.
A. Polls Taken in the United States B. Polls Taken in Iraq
  1. ABC News/Washington Post (Jan. 13-16, 2009)
  2. CNN/Opinion Research Corp. (Dec. 1-2, 2008)
  3. USA Today/Gallup (Sep. 5-7, 2008)
  4. CNN (Mar. 9-11, 2007)
  5. NBC News/Wall Street Journal (Mar. 2-5, 2007)
  6. USA Today/Gallup (Mar. 2-4, 2007)
  7. CNN/USA Today/Gallup (Apr. 29-May 1, 2005)
  8. Washington Post/ABC News (Mar. 17, 2003)
  9. Washington Post/ABC News (Feb. 6-9, 2003)
  10. Zogby International (Jan.-Mar. 2003)
  1. National Media Center (Iraq) (Jan. 1, 2009)
  2. Iraq Centre for Research & Strategic Studies (Sep. 25-Oct. 5, 2008)
  3. ABC News/BBC/ARD German TV/NHK (Japan) (Feb. 12-20, 2008)
  4. ABC News/BBC/ARD German TV/USA Today (Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007)
  5. WorldPublicOpinion.org (Jan. 2-5, 2007)
  6. Zogby International (Aug. 2003)
A. Polls Taken in the United States

1. ABC News/Washington Post (Jan. 13-16, 2009)
"All in all, considering the costs to the United States versus the benefits to the United States, do you think the war with Iraq was worth fighting, or not?"
Date Worth It Not Worth It Unsure
Jan. 16, 20091 39% 61% 1%
Jan. 12, 20081 35% 64% 2%
Jan. 10, 2007 40% 58% 2%
1: The data of these polls are consistent with those on www.washingtonpost.com and total more than 100%

"For each issue I name, please tell me what kind of priority you think Obama and the Congress should give it - the highest priority, a high priority but not the highest, or a lower priority than that?" (2006 and previous, "Bush and the Congress")
Issue Priority Jan. 16, 2009 Jan. 26, 2006 Jan. 16, 2005 Apr. 20, 2003
The situation in Iraq Highest 41% 60% 61% 29%
High 48% 30% 30% 54%
Lower 10% 9% 7% 15%
None - 1% 1% -
No Opinion 1% 1% 1% 1%
The US campaign aganst terrorism Highest 50% 59% 52% 48%
High 43% 34% 41% 45%
Lower 6% 6% 6% 7%
None 1% - - 0%
No Opinion 1% 1% 1% 2%
- = Less than 0.5%
Subjects: 1,079 adults nationwide
Margin of Error: ± 3%
Source: ABC News Washington Post Jan. 13-16, 2009

2. CNN/Opinion Research Corp. (Dec. 1-2, 2008)
"Do you favor or oppose the U.S. war in Iraq?"
Date Favor Oppose Unsure
Dec. 1-2, 2008 36% 63% 1%
Dec. 6-9, 2007 31% 68% 1%
Nov. 3-5, 2006 33% 61% 6%

"Do you think the United States is winning or not win the war in Iraq?"
Date Winning Not Winning Unsure
Dec. 1-2, 2008 49% 49% 2%
Aug. 6-8, 2007 32% 63% 5%
Nov. 17-19, 2006 34% 61% 5%

"Would you favor or oppose a plan to reduce the number of U.S. combat troops from Iraq and increase the number of U.S. combat troops in Afghanistan?"
Date Favor Oppose Unsure
Dec. 1-2, 2008 55% 42% 3%
July 27-29, 2008 56% 42% 2%
Subjects: 1,096 adults nationwide
Margin of Error: ± 3%
Source: CNN Opinion Research Corporation Dec. 1-2, 2008

3. USA Today/Gallup (Sep. 5-7, 2008)
"In view of the developments since we first sent our troops to Iraq, do you think the United States made a mistake in sending troops to Iraq, or not?"
Date Made a Mistake Did Not Make a Mistake Unsure
Sep. 5-7, 2008 58% 41% 1%
Mar. 2-4, 2007 59% 39% 2%
Mar.10-12, 2006* 57% 42% 1%
Mar.18-20, 2005* 46% 51% 3%
Mar. 24-25, 2003* 23% 75% 2%

"In general, how would you say things are going for the U.S. in Iraq: very well, moderately well, moderately badly or very badly?"
Date Very Well Moderately Well Moderately Badly Very Badly Unsure
Sep. 5-7, 2008 13% 39% 26% 21% 1%
July 25-27, 2008 9% 38% 32% 19% 3%
Jan. 6-8, 2006 8% 38% 21% 21% 1%
Aug. 5-7, 2005 5% 38% 28% 28% 1%
Subjects: 557 adults nationwide
Margin of Error: ± 5%
Source: USA Today Gallup Organization Sep. 5-7, 2008

4. CNN (Mar. 9-11, 2007)
"Do you think the United States can win or cannot win the war in Iraq?"
Date Can Win Cannot Win Unsure
Mar. 9-11, 2007 46% 46% 8%
Nov. 17-29, 2006* 54% 43% 3%

"Do you think the United States will win or will not win the war in Iraq? 'Will not win' responses below includes those who said the U.S. 'cannot win' in the previous question."
Date Will Win Will Not Win Unsure
Mar. 9-11, 2007 37% 54% 10%
Nov. 17-29, 2006* 40% 56% 5%

"Do you think the Bush Administration deliberately misled the American public about whether Iraq had weapons of mass destruction?"
Date Misled Did Not Mislead Unsure
Mar. 9-11, 2007 54% 40% 7%

"Which of the following comes closest to your view?
  • The U.S. should immediately begin to withdraw all of its troops from Iraq
  • The U.S. should withdraw all its troops from Iraq within a year
  • The U.S. should keep its troops in Iraq as long as is needed to turn control over to the Iraqi government."
  • Date Withdraw Now Withdraw Within a Year Stay as Long as Needed Unsure
    Mar. 9-11, 2007 21% 37% 39% 4%
    Subjects: 1,027 adults nationwide
    Margin of Error: ± 3%
    Source: CNN Mar. 9-11, 2007, conducted by the polling organization Opinion Research Corporation

    5. NBC News/Wall Street Journal (Mar. 2-5, 2007)
    "In general, do you approve or disapprove of the job that George W. Bush is doing in handling the situation in Iraq?"
    Date Approve Disapprove Unsure
    Mar. 2-5, 2007 27% 67% 6%
    Mar. 10-13, 2006* 35% 61% 4%
    May 12-16, 2005* 44% 52% 4%

    "Do you favor or oppose the decision to send an additional 21,500 troops to Iraq?"
    Favor Oppose Unsure
    31% 63% 6%

    "What concerns you more - that Congress will go too far in pressing the President to reduce troop levels in Iraq, or that Congress will not go far enough in pressing the President to reduce troop levels in Iraq?"
    Too Far Not Far Enough Unsure
    41% 51% 8%
    Subjects: 1,007 adults nationwide
    Margin of Error: ± 3.1%
    Source: NBC News Wall Street Journal Mar. 2-5, 2007, conducted by the polling organizations of NBC/Journal pollsters Peter Hart (D) and Neil Newhouse (R)

    6. USA Today/Gallup (Mar. 2-4, 2007)
    "Which comes closer to your view about the war in Iraq?
  • You think the U.S. will definitely win the war in Iraq
  • You think the U.S. will probably win the war in Iraq
  • You think the U.S. can win the war in Iraq, but you don't think it will win
    -or-
  • You do no think the U.S. can win the war in Iraq."
  • Date Definitely Win Probably Win Can Win, But Won't Cannot Win Unsure
    Mar. 2-4, 2007 11% 17% 20% 46% 6%
    Feb. 28-Mar. 1, 2006* 24% 20% 18% 34% 5%
    Sep. 16-18, 2005* 21% 22% 20% 34% 3%

    "Here are four different plans the U.S. could follow in dealing with the war in Iraq. Which ONE do you prefer?
  • Withdraw all troops from Iraq immediately
  • Withdraw all troops by Mar. 2008, that is, in 12 months' time
  • Withdraw troops, but take as many years to do this as are needed to turn control over to the Iraqis
    -or-
  • Send more troops to Iraq."
  • Date Withdraw Immediately Withdraw in 12 Months Take As Long As Needed Send More Troops Unsure
    Mar. 2-4, 2007 20% 38% 26% 13% 3%
    Jan. 5-7, 2007* 15% 39% 31% 12% 2%

    "Would you favor or oppose Congress taking the following actions in regards to the war in Iraq?"
    "Requiring U.S. troops to come home from Iraq if Iraq's leaders fail to meet promises to reduce violence there."
    Favor Oppose Unsure
    77% 20% 3%

    "Requiring U.S. troops returning from Iraq to stay in the U.S. for at least a year before being re-deployed to Iraq."
    Favor Oppose Unsure
    76% 21% 3%

    "Setting a time-table for withdrawing all U.S. troops from Iraq by the end of next year."
    Favor Oppose Unsure
    60% 39% 1%

    "Putting a cap or limit on the number of U.S. troops serving in Iraq at any one time."
    Favor Oppose Unsure
    54% 42% 5%

    "Voting to revoke the authority it granted President Bush in 2002 to use U.S. military force in Iraq."
    Favor Oppose Unsure
    44% 52% 4%

    "Denying the funding needed to send any additional U.S. troops to Iraq."
    Favor Oppose Unsure
    37% 61% 2%
    Subjects: 1,010 adults nationwide
    Margin of Error: ± 3%
    Source: USA Today Gallup Organization Mar. 2-4, 2007

    7. CNN/USA Today/Gallup (Apr. 29-May 1, 2005)
    "All in all, do you think it was worth going to war in Iraq?"
    Yes No No Opinion
    41% 57% 2%
    Margin o Error: ± 5%

    "In general, how would you say things are going for the United States in Iraq?"
    Well Badly No Opinion
    42% 56% 2%
    Margin o Error: ± 5%

    "In view of the developments since we first sent our troops to Iraq, do you think the United States made a mistake sending troops to Iraq?"
    Yes No No Opinion
    49% 48% 3%
    Type of Interview: Telephone interview
    Subjects: 1,006 randomly selected adults nationwide
    Margin of Error: ± 3%
    Source: CNN USA Today Gallup Organization Apr. 29-May 1, 2005

    8. Washington Post/ABC News (Mar. 17, 2003)
    "Do you approve or disapprove of the way President George W. Bush is handling the situation with Iraq and Saddam Hussein?"
    Date Approve Disapprove No Opinion
    Mar. 17, 2003 64% 29% 7%
    Feb. 23, 2003* 55% 39% 6%

    "Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United Nations is handling the situation with Iraq and Saddam Hussein?"
    Date Approve Disapprove No Opinion
    Mar. 17, 2003 20% 75% 5%
    Feb. 23, 2003* 38% 56% 6%

    "Would you support or oppose the United States going to war with Iraq? Would you support/oppose it strongly or only somewhat?"
    Date Support Oppose No Opinion
    Strongly Somewhat Strongly Somewhat
    Mar. 17, 2003 54% 16% 19% 8% 3%
    Mar. 9, 2003* 40% 19% 21% 14% 6%

    "The Bush Administration says it will move to soon disarm Iraq and remove Saddam Hussein from power, by war if necessary, working with the countries that are willing to assist, even without the support of the United Nations.

    Overall, do you support or oppose this policy? If you support this policy, do you support this policy without reservations?"
    Support Without Reserve Support With Reserve Don't Know Oppose No Opinion
    34% 24% 1% 37% 4%
    Margin of Error: ± 3%

    "As you may know, today the Bush Administration said it would NOT have the United Nations Security Council vote on the war with Iraq. The U.S. might have lost the vote, and France said it would veto the resolution anyway.

    Do you support the Bush Administration's decision NOT to have the UN Security Council vote on the war with Iraq?"
    Support Oppose No Opinion
    66% 29% 5%
    Place/Type of Interview: Telephone interview
    Subjects: 510 randomly selected adults nationwide
    Margin of Error: ± 5%
    Source: Washington Post ABC News Mar. 17, 2003

    9. Washington Post/ABC News (Feb. 6-9, 2003)
    "Would you favor (somewhat or strongly) or oppose (somewhat or strongly) having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq to force Saddam Hussein from power?"
    Date Support Oppose No Opinion
    Net Strongly Somewhat Net Strongly Somewhat
    Feb. 9, 2003 66% 46% 21% 31% 17% 14% 2%
    Jan. 20, 2003* 57% 40% 17% 41% 25% 16% 3%
    Dec. 15, 2002* 62% 41% 20% 35% 20% 15% 3%

    "Of those in favor of military action against Iraq to force Saddam Hussein from power:

    What if the United Nations opposes such action - in that case, would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq?"
    Date Favor Oppose No Opinion
    Feb. 9, 2003 50% 47% 3%
    Jan. 28, 2003* 46% 50% 4%
    Dec. 15, 20021 37% 58% 5%
    1: Wording: "Would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq, even if the United Nations opposes such action?"

    "Of those in favor of military action against Iraq to force Saddam Hussein from power:

    What if the United Nations opposes such action but some U.S. allies such as Great Britain, Australia and Italy support - in that case would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq?"
    Favor Oppose No Opinion
    57% 40% 3%

    "Do you think the Bush Administration has or has not presented enough evidence to show why the United States should use military force to remove Saddam Hussein from power?"
    Date Enough Not Enough No Opinion
    Feb. 9, 2003 63% 34% 2%
    Jan. 20, 2003* 48% 47% 6%

    "Do you think the United States has or has not presented strong evidence showing that Iraq has chemical and biological weapons?"
    Date Has Has Not No Opinion
    Feb. 9, 2003 69% 34% 2%
    Feb. 5, 2003* 71% 23% 6%

    "Do you think the United States has or has not presented strong evidence showing that Iraq is trying to develop nuclear weapons?"
    Date Has Has Not No Opinion
    Feb. 9, 2003 62% 33% 5%
    Feb. 5, 2003* 61% 30% 10%

    "Do you think the United States has or has not presented strong evidence showing that Iraq has provided direct support to the Al Qaeda terrorist group?"
    Date Has Has Not No Opinion
    Feb. 9, 2003 55% 37% 8%
    Feb. 5, 2003* 49% 37% 14%

    "Do you think the United States has or has not presented strong evidence showing that Iraq is not cooperating with the United Nations weapons inspectors?"
    Date Has Has Not No Opinion
    Feb. 9, 2003 75% 21% 4%
    Feb. 5, 2003* 73% 22% 4%

    "Do you think the U.N. inspectors will or will not be able to find hard evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq?"
    Will Will Not No Opinion
    38% 55% 7%

    "What do you think is more important:
  • For the United States to move quickly against Iraq, even if that means acting without international support?
    -or-
  • For the United States to gain international support, even if that delays action against Iraq?"
  • Date Move Quickly Gain Support No Opinion
    Feb. 9, 2003 37% 59% 4%
    Jan. 27, 2003* 31% 64% 5%
    Type of Interview: Telephone interview
    Subjects: 1,001 randomly selected adults nationwide

    Margin of Error: ± 3%
    Source: Washington Post ABC News Feb. 6-9 2003, conducted by the independent polling company TNS Intersearch

    10. Zogby International (Jan.-Mar. 2003)
    "Would you support or oppose the war against Iraq if the US waged war without significant UN or international support?"
    Date Support Oppose Not Sure
    Mar, 14-15, 2003 47% 49% 5%
    Feb 6-7, 2003* 41% 54% 4%

    Position on war in Iraq:
    Date Support Oppose No Sure
    Mar. 14-15, 2003 54% 42% 4%
    Feb. 17-20, 2003* 54% 41% 5%
    Jan. 24-26, 2003* 47% 49% 4%

    Greatest danger to the United States:
    Date Al Qaeda Iraq North Korea Other
    Mar. 14-15, 2003 33% 25% 26% 9%
    Mar. 5-7, 2003* 32% 22% 30% 8%
    Type of Interview: Telephone interview (evenings)
    Subjects: 1,129 randomy selected adults nationwide
    Margin of Error: ± 3%
    Source: Zogby International Jan.-Mar. 2003

    B. Polls Taken in Iraq

    1. National Media Center (Iraq) (Jan. 1, 2009)
    Expressed optimism concerning the future of the country 83%
    Priority for citizens Basic services 30%
    Health services 16%
    Universities and schools 11%
    Agricultural sector 7%
    Plan to vote in the Jan. 31, 2009 elections 73%
    Agree that the security situation is suitable for elections 82%
    Believe that elections commission is neutral 56%
    Refuse to use religious symbols in elections propoganda 68%
    Prefer secular winners in elections 42%
    Prefer religious winners in elections 31%
    Reason to vote National duty 30%
    Sides or persons to vote for 20%
    Hope to improve Iraqi Council's activity 19%
    Subjects: Not available
    Margin of Error: Not available
    Source: National Media Center Jan. 1, 2009

    2. Iraq Centre for Research & Strategic Studies (Sep. 25-Oct. 5, 2008)
    "How do you feel about the security in your district?"**
    Very Safe Not Very Safe Not Safe at All Don't Know No Answer
    68% 22% 8% 2% -

    "In your opinion, what do Iraqi citizens want from their government?"**
    Provice Security Supply Services Provide Jobs Democracy Don't Know No Answer
    55% 15% 25% 3% 1% -

    "Do you support establishing another province in Iraq in addition to the Kurdistan Province?"**
    Yes No Don't Know No Answer
    24% 70% 4% 2%

    "If events developed between the United States and Iran that lead to an outbreak of war, what position should Iraq take?"**
    Take a Neutral Position Help American Troops against Iran Stand with Iran against the United States Don't Know No Answer
    72% 15% 6% 5% 3%
     

    - = Less than 0.5%
    ** Questions in the English version of this poll had several grammatical problems that ProCon.org edited for clarification
    Type of Interview: Face to face, house to house
    Subjects: 3,000 cases nationwide, including Kurdistan Province
    Margin of Error: ± 2.5%
    Source: "Public Opinion Survey in Iraq: The Security & Political Situation in Iraq," Iraq Centre for Research & Strategic Studies (ICRSS) Sep. 25-Oct. 5, 2008


    3. ABC News/BBC/ARD German TV/NHK (Japan) (Feb. 12-20, 2008)
    "Overall, how good would you say things are in your life these days - very good, quite good, quite bad, or very bad?"
    Date Very Good Quite Good Quite Bad Very Bad No Opinion
    Feb. 20, 2008 13% 41% 29% 16% -
    Mar. 5, 2007 8% 31% 32% 28% 0%
    Nov. 22, 2005 22% 49% 18% 11% 1%
    Feb. 28, 2004 13% 57% 14% 15% 1%

    "What is your expectation for how things overall in your life will be in a year from now - ill things be much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse, or much worse?"
    Date Much Better Somewhat Better Same Somewhat Worse Much Worse No Opinion
    Feb. 20, 2008 11% 34% 35% 12% 5% 1%
    Mar. 5, 2007 12% 23% 32% 25% 7% 1%
    Nov. 22, 2005 35% 29% 14% 7% 5% 10%
    Feb. 28, 2004 37% 34% 9% 3% 3% 13%

    "What is the single biggest problem you are facing in your life these days?"
    Date Security Political/
    Military
    Economic Social Personal Other None No Opinion
    Feb. 20, 2008 25% 11% 26% 36% 2% 0% - 0%
    Mar. 5, 2007 48% 12% 17% 22% 1% 0% - 0%
    Nov. 22, 2005 18% N/A 15% 16% 7% 4% 31% 9%
    Feb. 28, 2004 25% 2% 21% 18% 4% 2% 18% 8%

    "Since the war, how do your feel about the way in which the United States and other coalition forces have carried out their responsibilities in Iraq? Have they done a very good job, quite a good job, quite a bad job, or a very bad job?"
    Date A Very Good Job Quite a Good Job Quite a Bad Job A Very Bad Job No Opinion
    Feb. 20, 2008 6% 23% 35% 35% 1%
    Mar. 5, 2007 6% 18% 30% 46% 0%
    Nov. 22, 2005 10% 27% 19% 40% 5%

    "Overall, do you think the presence of U.S. forces in Iraq is making security in our country better, worse, or having no effect on the security situation?"
    Date Better Worse No Effect No Opinion
    Feb. 20, 2008 27% 61% 11% 1%
    Aug. 24, 2007 18% 72% 9% -
    Mar. 5, 2007 21% 69% 10% -

    "Which of the following structures do you believe Iraq should have in the future: one unified Iraq with central government in Baghdad, a group of regional states with their own regional government and a federal government in Baghdad, or dividing the country into separate independent states?"
    Date Central Government Regional Government Separate States No Opinion
    Feb. 20, 2008 66% 23% 9% 1%
    Mar. 5, 2007 58% 28% 14% 1%
    Mar. 5, 2005 70% 18% 9% 3%

    "If the American forces left the country entirely, do you think the security situation overall would become better, become worse, or remain the same?"
    Date Better Worse Same No Opinion
    Feb. 20, 2008 46% 29% 23% 2%

    - = Less than 0.5%
    Type of Interview: In person
    Subjects: 2,228 Iraqi adults nationwide

    Margin of Error: ± 2.5%
    Source: "Iraq Five Years Later: Where Things Stand," ABC News BBC ARD German TV NHK World (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) Feb. 12-20, 2008


    4. ABC News/BBC/ARD German TV/USA Today (Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007)
    "Compared to the time before the war in spring 2003, are things overall in your life much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse, or much worse?"
    Date Much Better Somewhat Better About the Same Somewhat Worse Much Worse Refused/
    Don't Know
    Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007 14% 29% 22% 28% 8% -
    2005* 21% 31% 19% 19% 10% 1%
    2004* 22% 35% 23% 13% 6% 2%

    "Do you think your children will have a better life than you, worse, or about the same?"
    Better Worse About the Same Refused/Don't Know
    42% 37% 21% -

    "Now thinking about how things are going not for you personally, but for Iraq as a whole, how would you say things are going in our country overall these days? Would you say things are going very good, quite good, quite bad, or very bad?"
    Date Very Good Quite Good Quite Bad Very Bad Refused/
    Don't Know
    Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007 4% 31% 35% 31% -
    2005* 14% 30% 23% 30% 3%

    "Compared to our country as it was before the war in spring 2003, are things in Iraq much better now, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse, or much worse?"
    Date Much Better Somewhat Better About the Same Somewhat Worse Much Worse Refused/
    Don't Know
    Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007 11% 27% 12% 30% 20% -
    2005* 22% 24% 13% 21% 18% 2%

    "What is your expectation for how things will be for Iraq as a country overall a year from now. Will they be much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse, or much worse?"
    Date Much Better Somewhat Better About the Same Somewhat Worse Much Worse Refused/
    Don't Know
    Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007 14% 26% 26% 21% 13% -
    2005* 14% 26% 26% 21% 5% 9%

    "From today's perspective and all things considered, was it absolutely right, somewhat right, somewhat wrong, or absolutely wrong that U.S.-led coalition forces invaded Iraq in Spring 2003?"
    Date Absolutely Right Somewhat Right Somewhat Wrong Absolutely Wrong Refused/
    Don't Know
    Feb. 25- Mar. 5, 2007
    22% 25% 19% 34% -
    2005* 19% 28% 17% 33% 4%
    2004* 20% 29% 13% 26% 13%

    "How effective or ineffective have the reconstruction efforts been in the area where you live since the war of spring 2003? Have they been very effective, quite effective, quite ineffective, or very ineffective?"
    Date Very Effective Quite Effective Quite Inffective Very Inffective No Efforts Refused/
    Don't Know
    Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007 6% 27% 35% 23% 9% 1%
    20051 18% 18% 14% 26% 12% 12%
    1 Exact date, subject number, and margin of error not indicated

    "Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the presence of Coalition forces in Iraq?"
    Date Strongly Support Somewhat Support Somewhat Oppose Strongly Oppose Refused/
    Don't Know
    Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007 6% 16% 32% 46% -
    2005* 13% 19% 21% 44% 3%
    2004* 13% 26% 20% 31% 10%

    "How long do you think U.S. and other Coalition forces should remain in Iraq? Should they leave now, remain until security is restored, remain until the Iraqi government is stronger, remain until the Iraqi security forces can operate independently, remain longer but leave eventually, or never leave?"
    Date Leave Now Remain Until Security Is Restored Remain Until Iraqi Govt. Is Stronger Remain Until Iraqi Security Forces Can Operate Independently Remain Longer But Leave Eventually Never Leave Refused/
    Don't Know
    Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007 35% 38% 14% 11% 2% 1% -
    2005* 26% 31% 19% 16% 3% 1% 4%

    "Who do you blame the most for the violence that is occurring in the country?"
    The Unites States/ Coalition Forces 31%
    President Bush 9%
    The Iraqi Government 8%
    The Iraqi Army 1%
    Iraqi Police 1%
    Sunni Militias/ Leaders 5%
    Shiite Militias/ Leaders 6%
    Sectarian Disputes 8%
    Al Qaeda/ Foreign Jihads 18%
    Common Criminals 6%
    Iran 7%
    Type of Interview: In person
    Subjects: More than 450 Iraqi neighborhoods nationwide
    Margin of Error: ± 2.5%
    Source: ABC News BBC ARD German TV USA Today Feb. 25-Mar. 5, 2007

    5. WorldPublicOpinion.org (Jan. 2-5, 2007)
    "Permanence of U.S. Military Bases: Do you think the U.S. government plans to have permanent military bases in Iraq or to remove all its military once Iraq is stabilized?"
    Plans Permanent Bases Plans to Remove Forces Once Iraq Is Stabilized
    Overall 80% 18%
    Kurds 67% 28%
    Shia 79% 21%
    Sunni 92% 7%

    "Will U.S. Withdraw if Asked? If the new Iraqi government were to tell the U.S. to withdraw all of its forces within six months, do you think the U.S. would or would not do so?"
    Would Withdraw Would Not Withdraw
    Overall 23% 76%
    Kurds 17% 77%
    Shia 32% 67%
    Sunni 5% 94%

    "Desire for a Timeline: Which of the following would you like the newly elected Iraqi government to ask the U.S.-led forces to do after they take office?"
    Withdraw Within Six Months/ Withdraw Gradually Over Two Years Only Reduce U.S.-led Forces as the Security Situation Improves in Iraq
    Overall 35% / 35% (Total: 70%) 29%
    Kurds 13% / 28% (Total: 40%) 57%
    Shia 22% / 49% (Total: 71%) 29%
    Sunni 83% / 11% (Total: 94%) 4%

    "Attacks on U.S.-Led Forces: Do you approve or disapprove (strongly or somewhat) of attacks on U.S.-led forces in Iraq?"
    Overall 47%
    Kurds 16%
    Shia 41%
    Sunni 88%

    "Overall Support For Attacks"
    Approve:
    Attacks on US-led forces 47%
    Attacks on Iraqi government security forces 7%
    Attacks on Iraqi civilians 1%

    "Were the Elections Fair? Do you think that the recent parliamentary elections were or were not free and fair?"
    Were Fair Were Not Fair
    Overall 66% 33%
    Kurds 77% 19%
    Shia 89% 11%
    Sunni 5% 94%

    "Will New Government Be Legitimate? Do you think that the government established by the newly-elected parliament will or will not be the legitimate representative of the Iraqi people?"
    Will Be Legitimate Will Not Be Legitimate
    Overall 68% 31%
    Kurds 81% 16%
    Shia 90% 10%
    Sunni 6% 92%

    "Is Iraq going in the Right Direction? Do you think that Iraq today is generally headed in the right direction or the wrong direction?"
    Right Direction Wrong Direction
    Overall 64% 36%
    Kurds 76% 23%
    Shia 84% 16%
    Sunni 6% 93%

    "Was Ousting Saddam Worth It? Thinking about any hardships you might have suffered since the U.S.-Britain invasion, do you personally think that ousting Saddam Hussein was worth it or not?"
    Worth It Not Worth It
    Overall 77% 22%
    Kurds 91% 8%
    Shia 98% 2%
    Sunni 13% 83%

    "U.S or U.N. Lead Reconstruction? Would you prefer to have the U.S. or the U.N. take the lead in Iraq's economic reconstruction?"
    U.S. U.N. Neither
    Overall 21% 59% 18%
    Kurds 43% 53% 3%
    Shia 22% 64% 13%
    Sunni 4% 48% 46%
    Place of Interview: Iraq's 18 Governates
    Subjects: 1,150 Iraqis, including Arab Sunnis, Shia, and, Kurds
    Source: WorldPublicOpinion.org Jan. 2-5, 2007

    6. Zogby International (Aug. 2003)
    "Do you think Iraq will be a much better country, somewhat better, somewhat worse, or a lot worse five years from now?"
    Much Better Somewhat Better Not Sure Somewhat Worse A Lot Worse
    Pro Improved Quality 31.7% 38% - - -
    Neutral - - 9.7% - -
    Con Improved Quality - - - 13.2% 7.4%

    "Do you believe that you personally will be much better, somewhat better, somewhat worse or a lot worse five years from now?"
    Much Better Somewhat
    Better
    Not Sure Somewhat Worse A Lot Worse
    Pro Improved Quality 31.7% 39.2% - - -
    Neutral - - 14.9% - -
    Con Improved Quality - - - 8.8% 5.3%
    Place of Interview: Iraqi cities of Basra, Ramadi, Kirkuk, and Mosul
    Subjects: 600 Iraqi male and female, Shia, Sunni, and Christian, Arabs, Kurds, Turkamen, and Assyrians
    Margin of Error: ± 4.1%
    Source: Zogby International Aug. 2003