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Coalition Forces in Iraq


I. Coalition Force Totals, May 1, 2003 - Aug. 31, 2010

Bush declares "Mission Accomplished" Iraqi interim government established First post-
Saddam elections in Iraq
Saddam Hussein sentenced to death US troop buildup peaks US agrees to withdraw from Iraq Non-US coalition forces leave Iraq Multi-National Force-Iraq becomes US Forces-Iraq Official End of US Combat Operations in Iraq
May 1, 2003 June 2004 Jan. 30, 2005 Nov. 5, 2006 Oct. 2007 Nov. 27, 2008 July 2009 Jan. 1, 2010 Aug. 31, 2010
Total non-US coalition forces in Iraq
(% of total forces)
23,000
(13%)
23,000
(14%)
25,300
(14%)
18,000
(11%)
11,668
(6%)
6,350
(4%)
500
(.4%)
0 0
Total US forces in Iraq
(% of total forces)
150,000
(87%)
138,000
(86%)
150,000
(86%)
140,000
(89%)
171,000
(94%)
148,000
(96%)
130,000
(99.6%)
110,000
(100%)
49,700
(100%;
non-combat troops)
Total coalition forces in Iraq 173,000 161,000 175,300 158,000 182,668 154,350 130,500 110,000 49,700
Sources: "Iraq Index: Tracking Variables of Reconstruction & Security in Post-Saddam Iraq," Brookings Institution website, Jan. 26, 2010; "Iraq Index: Tracking Variables of Reconstruction & Security in Post-Saddam Iraq," Brookings Institution website, Feb. 26, 2010; "Facts, Figures Related to the Iraq War," hosted.ap.org, Aug. 31, 2010



II. Coalition Members, Mar. 27, 2003 - Aug. 31, 2010

Withdrawal dates are in parentheses. Methodology and Sources are below.
Nation Mar. 27, 2003 Dec. 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Mar. 1, 2010 Aug. 31, 2010
Total Coalition Countries 49* 37 37 32 30 28 26 6 1** 1
Afghanistan -- -- -- --   -- -- -- --
Albania
(12/18/08)
-- -- --
Angola -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Armenia -- -- --
(10/6/08)
-- -- --
Australia
(7/31/09)
-- --
Azerbaijan
(12/3/08)
-- -- --
Bosnia Herzegovena -- -- --
(11/29/08)
-- -- --
Bulgaria
(12/17/08)
-- -- --
Colombia -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Costa Rica -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Czech Republic
(12/4/08)
-- -- --
Denmark
(2008)
-- -- --
Dominican Republic
(2004)
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
El Salvador
(1/22/09)
-- --
Eritrea -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Estonia
(2/7/09)
-- --
Ethiopia -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Georgia
(10/20/08)
-- -- --
Honduras
(2004)
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Hungary
(2004)
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Iceland -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Italy
(2006)
-- -- -- -- --
Japan
(12/6/08)
-- -- --
Kazakhstan --
(10/20/08)
-- -- --
Kuwait -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Latvia
(11/8/08)
-- -- --
Lithuania
(12/16/08)
-- -- --
Macedonia
(11/08)
-- -- --
Marshall Islands -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Micronesia -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Moldova --
(12/18/08)
-- -- --
Mongolia
(10/4/08)
-- -- --
Netherlands
(2007)
-- -- -- --
New Zealand --
(2004)
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Nicaragua
(2004)
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Norway --
(2005)
-- -- -- -- -- --
Palau -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Panama -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Philippines
(2004)
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Poland
(10/4/08)
-- -- --
Portugal
(2006)
-- -- -- -- --
Romania
(1/22/09)

(7/23/09)
-- --
Rwanda -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Singapore
(2008)
-- -- --
Slovakia
(2008)
-- -- --
Solomon Islands -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
South Korea
(12/1/08)
-- -- --
Spain
(2004)
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Thailand --
(2005)
-- -- -- -- -- --
Tonga
(2004)
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Turkey -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Uganda -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Ukraine
(12/9/08)
-- -- --
United Kingdom
(7/31/09)
-- --
United States
Uzbekistan -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Total Coalition Countries 49* 37 37 32 30 28 26 6 1** 1
Nation Mar. 27, 2003 Dec. 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Mar. 1, 2010 Aug. 31, 2010
Methodology: In our attempt to identify the coalition members, ProCon.org has found discrepancies in the reporting from various agencies and governmental organizations. These variations include issues such as how a country is identified as a coalition member, whether the country committed to the conflict or only to the post-war reconstruction, and the timeframe of when the country's forces entered or exited Iraq. ProCon.org has, therefore, only relied on three official US government sources (listed below) for simplicity and to minimize the amount of discrepant information. We included a country as a coalition member for a year even if the country was only in the coalition for a small portion of that year.

The dates in parentheses indicate when the country's forces were withdrawn from Iraq. We used the specific withdrawal dates whenever that information was provided by the sources we referenced.

Sources:
* March 27, 2003: Although the White House specified these 49 countries as coalition members in a Mar. 27, 2003 news release titled "Coalition Members" on the White House website, the withdrawal dates for 17 of these countries are not found within the two US government sources ProCon.org cites below. Those 17 countries are: Afghanistan, Angola, Colombia, Costa Rica, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iceland, Kuwait, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Rwanda, Solomon Islands, Turkey, Uganda, and Uzbekistan. For those 17 countries we do not show any withdrawal date on the chart

Dec. 2003-2007: "Stabilizing and Rebuilding Iraq: Coalition Support and International Donor Commitments," US Government Accountability Office (GOA) website, May 9, 2007

2008-2010: "Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq," US Debartment of Defense website, June 2009; Multi-National Force-Iraq and United States Forces-Iraq websites (various pages); Rod Nordland and Timothy Williams, "Iraq Force Soon to Be a Coalition of One," www.nytimes.com, July 28, 2009; "UK Troops in Iraq Moved to Kuwait," www.bbc.co.uk, July 28, 2009; "Facts, Figures Related to the Iraq War," hosted.ap.org, Aug. 31, 2010

** As of Jan. 1, 2010, the Multi-National Force-Iraq became the United States Forces-Iraq.